Ear, organ of hearing, is one of our sensory organs that enable body to communicate with its surrounding. It consists of three parts, including inner, middle and external ear, and the parts except the pinna (auricle) are inside the skull, and they are not visible from the outside.
The auricle that collects the surrounding sounds, intensifies sound waves, transmits them to the ear canal by putting them into the most appropriate acoustic form, and protects the middle and inner ear from sudden sounds, dust and dirt by means of the folds and structural forms on it is very important in terms of aesthetic, apart from its duties. The auricles, which are located on both sides of the head area, directly affect appearance of the face. Whether they are too large, small or curved distorts the symmetry of the face and creates an ugly appearance.
Under normal conditions, the distance between outer edge of the earlobe and head is at most 2 cm. The angle between the auricle and the head is at most 200 in women and 250 in men. The size of the auricle is usually normal and proportional to the size of the skull. However, research shows that 1 out of every 20 people have more distance and angle values than they should have.
Since the angle between the auricle and the head area is more than 200/250, the problem that the ear appears to be disproportionately larger than the face as a result of the ear protruding forward and/or laterally is called as Prominent Ear. Prominent ear is the most common ear deformity. "Prominent" is named differently in different cultures such as "sail, basket, cup, bat". It can be seen in either ears or a single ear.
Prominent ear is a genetically inherited problem that exists from birth. 85% of ear development is completed by the age of three and reaches the required size by the age of 15. In other words, in children up to the age of three, ear sizes are already large compared to the skull. For this reason, there are cases that are present at birth but cannot be detected and become apparent later.
The anatomical disorder that causes prominent ear problem and is transferred with genes may be caused by the cartilage structure in the ear having loose tissues, the angle between the back of the ear bone and the auricle being more than 200/250, or the incomplete formation of the upper folds of the auricle.
Among all the functions performed by the ear, the contribution of the auricle to hearing is limited, and its task is heavily to provide an aesthetically normal appearance. Therefore, the prominent ear, which does not have a preventive effect on hearing function, is accepted as a psychological problem mostly caused by aesthetic concerns.
All individuals, whether children, women or men with prominent ears experience psychological problems due to their appearance. Severity and level of this problem varies from person to person. Especially the prominence of funny characters in many movies, cartoons and animations with disproportionate facial features, especially big ears reveals how important and effective facial features are in character identification and perception, regardless of culture. Of course, this situation causes children with prominent ears to be more negatively affected, especially by those around them, to be likened to funny characters, to be ridiculed and not to be taken seriously. Women can temporarily overcome this problem by covering their ears with the hair. On the other hand, men who are more willing to resort to ear plastic surgery at most, continue to search for solutions.
Psychological problems due to prominent ears can cause serious problems in individuals such as depression, lack of self-confidence, and self-anxiety. For this reason, a solution for the prominent ear problem should be found by using right methods.
Today, as a result of improvements in the field of medicine in parallel with technological developments, prominent ear problem can be solved by means of very simple interventions. The process of adjusting correct angle of the ear by surgical intervention and/or cartilage shaping in order to solve the prominent ear problem and obtain a normal image is called as Prominent Ear Surgery (Otoplasty).
Since estrogen level passing from mother is very high in the first 3 days in newborn babies, the cartilage structure is more flexible and formable. If prominent ear is noticed during this period, the ear angle can be adjusted with specially produced bands and wires, and the problem can be solved permanently in an average of one month.
In children who have already had a non-surgical intervention period, intervening in the 4-6 age period during which ear development is largely completed and which is preschool period will help children to get rid of the prominent ear without being exposed to negative pressures by their social environment, without causing any psychological problem, and to grow as a healthy and confident individual.
Prominent ear surgery is a simple plastic surgery operation that should be performed by a specialist doctor in hospital conditions. It can be performed for individuals of all ages.
Considering the complaints and demands of the patient, the intervention to be performed is planned with the help of two-dimensional or three-dimensional simulations, and the possible appearance that will occur after the operation is evaluated together with the patient.
Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers, patients with high blood pressure, those who use anticoagulants, those with skin problems, those with allergies and those who have previously undergone surgery on the facial area should definitely inform the doctor before the procedure.
Operation is performed under general or local anesthesia. Depending on the planned change, the anterior or posterior part of the ear is intervened. The desired appearance is obtained by adjusting correct angle of the ear and/or shaping cartilage. Suture is used, which is a medical device used to hold body tissues together when needed. Operation takes approximately 1-1.5 hours, and then ear is bandaged with special bands.
Since the incisions made in otoplasty surgery are usually in posterior part of the ear, the scar does not appear. The ear is covered with special bands to fix it in its new structure.
After prominent ear surgery, the patient is discharged after being under surveillance for a few hours or a day based on the type and effect of the anesthesia administered.
Since the operation is a simple intervention, recovery is rapid. After about 1-2 weeks, the bands are removed and the healing process is completed. It gets rid of the prominent ear, and obtains an aesthetically harmonious and proportional appearance.
Hearing loss or weakness is not experienced either during the recovery period or after recovery. In accordance with doctor's recommendation, 1-2 days after the operation, shower can be taken without wetting the ear area, and activities required by daily life can be done. During the healing process, the ear and head area should be carefully protected against external impacts.
It is not possible to give general information about the price of prominent ear surgery. This is because every operation to be performed differs based on the patient's demand and needs. Furthermore, the Ministry of Health has reported that a written announcement of plastic intervention prices will lead to unfair competition and it is deemed to be undesirable to share the prices.
If you have a prominent ear problem and you are not satisfied with your appearance, in order to have a better appearance, you can reach us via our contact information and get more information and receive treatment in our health center that priorities your special demands and needs.