As we go on with our daily lives, we feel pains of different severities related or unrelated to a reason pertaining to organs in different parts of our bodies. These pains can be short-term (acute) or long-term and recurring (chronic).
The pain most commonly seen among people and the most complained about one is headaches. A huge percentage of headaches, 90% of them, consist of primary headaches, unrelated to an underlying disease.
The moderate to severe headaches occuring at one side of the head, usually at the temple, forehead and nape areas are called Migraine. It is also known as the Half- Headache. Migraine which starts at any time but usually starts at puberty, loses frequency over time, and is continuous or recurring, is classified among primary headaches. With migraine, conditions that affect your daily life's comfort negatively such as nausea, vomiting, sensivity to sound and light, aura, smelling different scents occur and these can last for hours, even days. Migraine that occurs for at least two to eight days per month and occurs as pain attacks that last for four hours is known as Chronic Migraine. It is approximately four times more likely to be seen in women than men. Chronic migraine is listed in the top twenty of Diseases Restricting Labor Force in the World.
An accurate and generally accepted cause of migraine is yet to be found. But gene structure, age, gender and some activities and chemicals in the brain-nervous system are considered to be factors that cause migraine or increase its effects. Especially abnormal activities in the brain affect nerves, chemicals in the nerve and brain region, blood vessels and transmission between them.
Cranial Nerves refer to the nerves performing motor and sensory functions, being dispersed into the body from the central nervous system which is located at the brain and being paired, including one on the right side and one on the left side. They consist of 12 pairs in total and each of them has a different role. The fifth of these pairs, Nervus Trigeminus (5th Cranial Nerve) controls biting, chewing and the sensation around the facial area. At the beginning phase of migraine, the level of serotonin hormone which gives people feelings of happiness and euphoria drops. In this case, the transmission chemicals (neurotransmitter) which are sent to the brain by Nervus Trigeminus and cause pain are released. The released chemicals cause the pain to worsen and become permanent.
Migraine which is caused by the abnormal activities of the brain and nervous system makes people search for a cure because it affects both health and daily life with the pain it causes. In the treatment of migraine, many alternative treatment methods, primarily medical (medicine) ones are used. Especially botox's becoming applicable for many diseases and problems, and its gradually-increasing success rate became a hope for migraine patients. The Migraine Botox, which is applied via botox injection to nerves and muscles in order to weaken the Nervus Trigeminus which controls the sensation of the facial area and to get rid of migraine and the pain it causes, started to be used effectively.
With migraine botox, the aim is to weaken the Nervus Trigeminus and muscles controlled by it and render them ineffective since at the beginning phase of the migraine the transmission chemicals (neurotransmitter) sent to the brain by this nerve cause pain. Botox which is a protein-containing purified toxin produced in a laboratory environment from the Clostridium Botulinum bacteria prevents the nerve ends in the area it is injected from releasing chemicals, and block the nerve ends, thus it weakens the nerves and prevents pain formation.
In the migraine botox procedure, botox is injected into the spots deemed suitable such as glabella, temporal, frontal and sub occipital area of the head, neck and shoulder areas using a cannula or thin-pointed injectors based on the pain severity, pain threshold and pain area seen in the patient, thus the nervous system and the related muscles are blocked, and the release of pain chemicals and their transmission to the brain are prevented. This procedure is done once every three months.
Since the injection area is narcotized with anesthesic gel and creams, no pain is felt during or after the injection, only a slight burning and ache might be felt, these aches can be reduced using ice treatment (cold compress) to the injection areas.
The patient is not hospitalized after this procedure; they can go on with their daily lives. They can return to work within the same day. But for the first few days, extreme activities that require too much strength and raise the body temperature and places that are too hot should be avoided, the botox areas should not be rubbed.
If you are experiencing severe headaches that are frequent and long enough to impact your daily life and want to get help with this issue, you can reach us via our contact information, and get more information and receive treatment in our health center that priorities your special demands and needs.